Why Isn’t Felix Free by Now?

By Pat Bliss

NYT
NYT

Felix could say he cried out for help to anyone who would listen. Ever since he found out – after arriving in prison and  having the trial transcripts read to him by his cell mate – that his sister testified against him. All the time thinking, during the trial she was helping him, because he could not discern the words spoken by the witnesses, while testifying. Felix relied on his attorney, when he would ask him, “What are they saying?”  “Everything will be OK,” the lawyer would say. He also saw his brother Frank come into the courtroom, and was told he pled the fifth and that is why he didn’t testify – nor help him go home. Felix did not know what Frank had said in his own trial a year earlier.

Time.com
Time.com

Felix could say that he relied on a prison law clerk’s advice when he got Frank’s first affidavit in 1989. It stated that Frank killed the victim, that Tina and Ray participated in the crime and that he, Felix, was completely innocent. The law clerk misfiled that document and it was sent back to Felix. Felix thought the regular letter from the Judge was a denial and he put the affidavit in a box, only to be remembered again in 1997 when I took his case. Felix could only read at an elementary level at that time.

Cafe Con Leche Republicans
Cafe Con Leche Republicans

You could say his legal team made a wrong decision in 1999 by withdrawing the second affidavit from Frank. In all honesty the team were under the impression the deaf issue (6th Amendment violation) was valid, as it was allowed to proceed to the Evidentiary Hearing. They did not know the Judge, and the State, already knew it was going to be stricken. Due to a turn of events, it was not the right time to present the new evidence. Time proved that.  But alas, this court action was denied.

Florida Department of Corrections
Florida Department of Corrections

You could say that it took too long for the inmates – to whom Frank confessed that he put his innocent younger brother in prison, so he could avoid the death penalty – to send in their affidavits. Eventually many of them were transferred to where Felix was. Most had never met Felix before. A couple of the inmates had – over the years – been in the same prison with Felix, but they never knew each other. When they met Felix, and remembered what Frank had told them, they felt obligated to write affidavits of what they heard. These came to me between 2002-2004.

You could say that at the 2006 Evidentiary Hearing, where Frank confessed to Felix’s innocence, and how Felix got tangled into the crime by Frank making him sign a pawn ticket, that the Court got it wrong, by not believing Frank’s confession. The Court did not say it didn’t believe the confession. The Order stated it did not believe Frank,  because Frank had lied at his own trial in 1982. He lied to his attorney, to the jury, and to the Judge – making him not credible in the eyes of the Court. Frank’s whole testimony was tossed out. And the appeal was unsuccessful, without an opinion. It closed the door for any more appellate procedures on the case both in state and federal court.

CBS Miami Local
CBS Miami Local

But I  suggest that the Courts, nor the State want to concede they have convicted an innocent man. This is not a DNA case. If it was, it would be over by now. The jury got it wrong. There was no consideration for the time factors and defense witnesses. The Judge got it wrong. Felix’s trial attorney could have done better, but he did what he could to alert the court of his client’s limited ability to help in his own defense. And he asked not to proceed to trial. The Judge knew Felix had a hearing problem, he could have ordered a sign interpreter. This case though, was unique in 1983.  Now we are in 2014.  The Governor has the authority to right that wrong – if he wants to and so far he doesn’t. And Felix’s sister, Tina – in May of this year – had her chance to right the wrong, and help her younger brother, Felix. She chose not to. We can’t blame her, really. There is no statute of limitations on a murder case, and she has enjoyed her freedom these 32+ years.

Florida Department of Corrections
Florida Department of Corrections

In a nutshell, this is why Felix is still in prison. Publicity helps draw attention, which can be invaluable, but it cannot get anyone out of prison. There are only three ways that can happen 1) the case goes back to court on some issue that is viable or 2) the Governor and Clemency Cabinet grants clemency or 3) the Parole Board grants parole.  Our next proceeding is the Parole Board hearing, possibly in January of 2015. The efforts of the legal team are in full force to make this third avenue a reality –  your support inspires us.  Thank you.

–Pat Bliss

Pat Bliss is a retired paralegal in criminal law. She continues to do legal work for indigent prisoner cases showing innocence. She is a Certified Community Chaplain, Certified as a volunteer for CISM (Crises Intervention Stress Management) and involved in community events.

3 thoughts on “Why Isn’t Felix Free by Now?

  1. The attorneys need to hire a certified interpreter to explain to Felix what Parole mean. It is a big thing. Felix needs to understand that if/when he gets paroled…it will mean he has agreed with the State of Florida that he did the murder crime and got released based on serving his time and good behavior. It will be helpful to have Felix explain back to attorneys with interpreter what the Parole hearing is all about and if he is willing to go for it or not. Felix needs to prepare himself that if the State of Florida Governor decide not to grant him the clemency then his criminal record will stay forever. Period. Is Felix willing to take the risk? I do not want attorneys to tell Felix “Everything will be okay” like the attorney said to him during trial. I want attorneys to explain to him the best way they can and if he is willing to take this avenue or not. It saddened me that attorneys prefer parole hearing as it is way much easier task since Felix has been serving his time and good behavior. This is not justice.

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    1. I thank Penny for her comment and looking out for Felix. She herself a deaf person has great compassion for him. But I need to clarify a couple things in her comment. Parole is a release program that was replaced with the Sentencing Guidelines in October 1983. The legal team would prefer commutation of sentence via clemency, but since not feasible at this time, there is a parole hearing that we must prepare for. Either way he will be released as an ex-felon until he is granted a full pardon or where the case gets back in court that results in a finding of not guilty. Regardless of the avenue, attaining Felix’s freedom is the ultimate goal.

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